PRONOUNCING TABLE

THERE are many names in the text that the reader unaided might find it difficult to pronounce. Names from the more common languages of western Europe are presumed to offer no particular difficulty; but Polish and Hungarian follow other rules. The table here given is designed to help the reader by indicating approximately correct pronunciations. A few additional names or words are included as likely otherwise to be mispronounced.

In Polish the accent is invariably on the penult; in Hungarian, on the first syllable. The marks over vowels in Hungarian denote not accent but a long vowel sound.

In the table below,

1. gh is like g in go

2. H denotes a strongly aspirated h

3. N denotes the nasal n as in French words

4. ñ is to be pronounced as in cañon

5. zh is like z in azure, or the French j

 

A

Adamos (ah’-dah-mosh)

Albin (ahl’-bin)

Alexandrowice (ahl-ex-an-dro-veet’-seh)

Apafi (aw’-paw-fee)

Arciszewski (ar-chi-shef-skee)

Augustinowicz (ow-goos-tee-no’-vich)

B

Babinecki (bah-bee-net’-skee)

Balcerowicz (bahl-tser-o’-vich)

Bánffy (bahn’-fy)

Batori (bah-to’-ree)

Belzyce (bel-zhyt-she)

Beresko (berr-es’-ko)

Berzewiczy (berr-zheh-vich’-y)

Bethlen (bet’-len)

Biala (be-ah’-wah)

Bielsk (byelsk)

Boguslaw (bo-goos’-wahf)

Bonar (bon’-ahr)

Bracka (braht’-skah)

Brzesc (bzheshch)

Brzeziny (bzhezh-ee’-ny)

Budny (bood’-ny)

Budzinski (bood-zhin-skee)

Bychawa (by-Hah’-vah)

C

Ciechanowiec (tseH-no-vyets)

Chelmno (Helm’-no)

Chelmski (Helm’-skee)

Chmielnicki (Hmee-el-nit’-skee)

Chmielnik (Hmee-el-nik)

Chrzczecice (HzhchaN-cheet-she)

Cichowski (chi-Hof-skee)

Csánad (chah’-nawd)

Czaplic (chahp’-lits)

Czarkow (chahr’-koof)

Czarna (char’-na)

Czarniecki (char-ñet’_skee)

Czartoryski (char-to-rys’-kee)

Czcchowicz (cheH-o’-vich)

Czerniechów (cher-ne’-Hoof)

Czestochowa (chaN-sto-Ho-va)

D

Daems (dahms)

David (dah’-vid)

Dazwa (doNzh’-va)

Dluska (dwoo’-ska)

Domanowski (do-ma-nov’-skee)

Dubiecko (doob-yets’-ko)

Dudith (doo’-dit)

F 

Falibowski (fah-lee-bof’-skee)

Farnowski (fahr-nof’-skee)

Filipowski (fil-ip-of’-skee)

Firley (feer’_lay)

G

Gamrat (gahm’-raht)

Gentile (jen-tee’-lay)

Giezek (ghyez’-ek)

Gilowski (ghee-lof’-skee)

Gniezno (gnez’-no)

Godecki (go-det’-skee)

Golebia (go-waNb’-ya)

Goniadz (go’-finodz)

Grudziaz (grood’-zhoNz)

Gyula-Fehérvár (joo’-law-fe’-herr-vahr)

H

Hojski (hoy’-ski)

Hoszcza (hosh’-cha)

Hulewicz (hoo-lev’-ich)

Hunyad (hoon-yawd)

Hus (hoos)

Huszt (hoost)

I

Igolomia (eeg-o-wom’-ya)

Inowraclaw (ee-no-vrahts’-wahf)

Iwanicki (ee-vah-fiits-kee)

Iwanowicz (ee-vahn-o-veet’-say)

Iwanowicz (ee-vahn-o’-vich)

Iwanski (ee-vahn’-ski)

J

Jagidello (yah-ghee-ew’-wo)

Joris (yo’-ris)

K

Kalisz (kah’-lish)

Karninski (kar-nin’-skee)

Karnkowski (karn-kof’.-skee)

Karwat (kar’-vaht)

Kasinowo (koN-shi-no’-vo)

Kazimierz (kahzh’-rnyezh)

Kemeny (keh’mayfi)

Késmark (kaysh’-mahrk)

Kijów (kee’-yoof)

Kisielin (kish-yel’-in)

Kiszka (kish’-ka)

Kolozsvár (ko’-lozh-vahr)

Korczyn (kor’-chin)

Koryto (ko-ryt’-o)

Kosielec (kosh-chel’-ets)

Koscienski (kosh-cheñ’-skee)

Kozminek (kozh-mee’-nek)

Krajewski (krah-yef’-skee)

Kraków (krah’-koof)

Krasnobrod (krahs-no’-brood)

Krawiec (krahv’-yets)

Krotowski (kro-tof’-skce)

Krzyzak (kzhyzh’-ahk)

Kujawy (koo-yah’-vy)

L

Lachowce (lah-Hov’-tse)

Lachowskj (lah-Hov’-skee)

Lancut (wahn-tsoot)

Lasicki (lah-shits’-kee)

Laski (wah’-skee)

Lasocki (lah-sot’-skee)

Leczyca (waN-chit’-sa)

Leczycki (waN-chits’-kee)

Lesniowolski (1esh-nee-o-wol-ski)

Leszno (lesh’-no)

Lewartów (lev-ahr’-toof)

Lipowiec (lip.-ov’-yets)

Lubartów (lu-bahr’-toof)

Lubecz (loo’-betch)

Lubieniecki (loo-byen-yet’-skee)

Lublin (loob’-lin)

Lubomirski (loo-bo-meer’-skee)

Luclawice (loots-wah-veet’-she)

Lukaszewicz (woo-kah-shev’-ich)

Lutomirski (loo-to-meer’-ski)

Lutomirsko (loo-to-rneer’-sko)

Lwów (lvoof)

M

Maciejowski (mah-tcheh-yof’-skee)

Maczynski (moN-chin’-skee)

Maly rynek (mali’-wy ryn’-ek)

Maramaros (mahr’-aw-maw-rosh)

Mezyk (maN’-zhyk)

Mieczyslaw (myech-ys’-wahf)

Mieszko (myesh’.-ko)

Mikolai (mik-o’-wye)

Modrzewski (mod-zhef-skee)

Monostor (mon’-osh-tor)

Mordy (mor’-dy)

Morsztyn (mor’-shtin)

Morzkowski (mozh-kof’-skee)

Moskorzowski (mos-ko-zhof’-skee)

Myszkowski (mish-kof’-skee)

N

Naeranus (nay-rah’-noos)

Niedzwiez (ñedzh’.-vyezh)

Niemojewski (nem-o-yef-skee)

Niemojówka (nem-o-yoof’-ka)

Niemyricz (nem-eer’-ich)

Nieswiez (nesh’-vyezh)

Nowogrodek (no-vo-groo’-dek)

Nowy Sacz (no’-vy- soNch)

O

Olesnicki (o-Iesh-ñit’-skee)

Orzechowski (o-zhe-Hof’-skee)

Orzys (ozh’-ys)

Ostrowski (os-trof’-skee)

Ostroróg (os-tror’.-oog)

P

Paklepka (pah-klep’-ka)

Parczow (par’-choof)

Pawlikowice (pahv-1ik-o-vee-tseh)

Pécs (paych)

Pelsznica (pewsh-ñeet’-sa)

Petrycy (pet-ryt’-sy)

Piaski (pee-ah’.-skee)

Piekarski (pyek-ar’-skee)

pieklo (pyek’.-wo)

Piñczow (pin’-choof)

Piotrkow (pee-otr’-koof)

Podgórze (pod-goo’-zhe)

Podlasie (pod-lah’-sheh)

Podole (po-do’-leh)

Powodowski (po-wo-dof’.-skee)

Poznan (poz’.-nahn)

Proszowice (prosh-o-veet’-seh)

Przasnysza (pzhahs-ny’-sha)

Przypkowski (pzhip-kof-skee)

Pulchranin (pull-Hrah’-nin)

R

Rabkowa (roNp-ko’-va)

Radecki (radet-skee)

Radostów (ra-dos’-toof)

Radziwill (rahd-zhee’-view)

Rakoczy (rah’-ko-tsy)

Raków (rah’-koof)

Rhedei (ray’-deh-ee)

Rodecki (ro-det’-skee)

Rogów (rog’-oof)

Rokicki (ro-kit’-skee)

Rozmowy (roz-mo’-vy)

Roznów (roz’-noof)

Rudawki (roo-dahf’-kee)

Rupniowski (roop-ñoff’-skee)

Rutów (root’-oof)

Rynek (ryn’.-ek)

S

Sacz (soNch)

Sandomierz (sahn-do’-myezh)

Sarnicki (sar-nits’-kee)

Secemin (set-sem’-in)

Sejm (same)

sejmiki (say-mee’.-kee)

Selchow (sel’-Hoof)

Siedliska (shed_lis’.-ka)

Siekerzynski (shek-ezh-yn’-skee)

Siemichowska (shem-kyev-ich)

Sienkiewicz (shen-kyev’-ich)

Sienuta (shen-oo’-tah)

Simons (see’.-mons)

Skrzynno (skzhyn’-no)

Slomniki (swom-ñee’.-kee)

Smigiel (shmig’-yel)

Smiglecki (shmig-let’-skee)

Sokolowski (so-ko-lof’-skee)

Stadnicki (stahd-ñit’-skee)

Starowolski (stahr-o-vol’.-skee)

Stary rynek (stah’-ry ryn’-ek)

Sternacki (sterr-naht’-skee)

Stoienski (sto-yen’..skee)

Stoinski (sto-iñ’.skee)

Straszyn (strah’-shin)

Szepes (sep’-esh)

szlachta (shlaH’.-ta)

T

Taszycki (tah-shits’-kee)

Thököly (tö-koll) (ll as in million)

 Toruñ (tor’-ooñ)

Trecy (tret’-sy)

Trzycieski (tzhy-ches’-kee)

Twardochleb (tvahr’-do-Hlep)

Tyskiewicz (tys-kye’-vich)

Tyszowce (tysh-of’-tseh)

U

Uszomir (oo-sho’.-meer)

V 

Voet (voot)

W

Waiglowa (vy-glo’-va)

Wawel (vah’..vel)

Wedrogowski (vaN-dro-gof’-skee)

Wegrow (vaN-groof)

Widawski (vee-dahf’-skee)

Wieliczka (vyel-ich’-kah)

Wielopolski (vye1-o-po1’-skee)

Wiernek (vyer’-nek)

Wierzbowski (vyezh-bof’-skee)

Wilkowski (vi1-kof’-skee)

Wilno (vil’-no)

Wisniowiecki (vish-nov-yet’-skee)

Wiszowaty (vish-o-vah-ty)

Witebsk (vit’-epsk)

Witrelin (vit-rel’-in)

Wlodyslaw (vwo-dys’-waf)

Wojdowski (voy-dof’-skee)

Wojewoda (vo-ye-vo’-da)

wojewodstwo (vo-ye-voodst’-vo)

Wola Justowska (vo’-la joost-of’-ska)

Wolan (vo’-lahn)

Wujek (voo’-yek)

X

Xiaz (ksiaz) (kshyoNzh)

Z

Zadzik (zahd’-zhik)

Zagrobelny (zah-gro-bel’.-ny)

Zak (zhahk)

Zalaszowska (zah-lah-shof’-ska)

Zarnow (zhahr’-noof)

Zbaszyn (zboN’-shin)

Zbigniew (zbig’-nef)

Zborowski (zbo-rof’-skee)

Zebrzydowski (zeb-zhyd-of’-skee)

Zmudz (zhmoodzh)

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